The energy that must be overcome in order for a chemical reaction to occur
The region of an enzyme responsible for substrate binding and reaction catalysis
A general term for reactions that break larger molecules into smaller components
The loss of a protein's three dimensional functional structure is called this
... cellular membranes. Answer: Lipids
A class of organic compounds with an oily, greasy, or waxy consistency. Important as energy
storage molecules and as components of...
The building blocks of proteins
These proteins are water soluble and have catalytic and regulatory roles in cells
The attractive interation of a hydrogen atom with an electronegative atom, such as nitrogen,
oxygen or fluorine
Induced fit model
The currently accepted model for enzyme function
Carbohyrate monomers. Examples include fructose and glucose.
The entire set of proteins expressed by a genome, cell, tissue or organism.
The sequence of amino acods ina polypeptide.
Organic compounds, usually linear polymers, made of amino acids linked together by peptide
Organic molecules consisting only of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen that serve as structural
components in cells and as energy sources
Any reagent that increases the rate of a chemical reaction but is itself not consumed by the
These are biological catalysts
Substances required by an enzyme to enable its catalyic function
Reactions that release energy are called this
A general term for reactions that build larger molecules from smaller ones
The splitting of a molecule into smaller components by addition of water molecule
A general term for reaction in which water is released
These proteins are very tough and often have a structural role in cells
An information-carrying macromolecule composed of chains of nucleotides.
Complex carbohydrates with structural and energy storage roles in cells. Examples include
cellulose, starch, and glycogen
The structure of a protein maintained by disulfide bonds and hydrophilic and hydrophobic
A molecule, like water, in which the opposite ends are oppositely charged.
A fatty acid containing the maximum number of hydrogen atoms is called this.