Braineos2

hydrolyse amylose and amylopectin into glucoses

alpha-amylase

phosphorylate substrate

kinase

convert glu-6-P into F-6-P

phosphohexose isomerase

dehydrate 2-P-glycerate into PEP

enolase

phosphorylate glucose into glu-6-P; specific to liver

glucokinase

convert DHAP into GAP

triose phosphate isomerase

glucose-6-phosphate (G6P)

regulators of hexokinase

oxidative phosphorylate GAP into 1,3-bP-glycerate

glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GAP) dehydrogenase

convert 3-P-glycerate into 2-P-glycerate

phosphoglycerate mutase

phosphorylate galactose into gal-1-P

galactokinase

convert glu-1-P into glu-6-P

phosphoglucomutase

hydrolyse cellulose into glucoses; not in mammals

cellulase

ATP, F-1,6-bP

regulators of PK

phosphorylate ADP into ATP; dephosphorylate 1,3-bP-glycerate into 3-P-glycerate

phosphoglycerate kinase

ATP, AMP, citrate, F-2,6-bP

regulators of PFK

hydrolyse chitin into N-acetyl-glucosamine

acidic mammalian chitinase (AMCase)

shift functional group

mutase

hydrolyse sucrose into glucose and fructose

sucrase

phosphorylate F-6-P into F-1,6-bP

phosphofructokinase (PFK)

hydrolyse lactose into glucose and galactose

lactase

convert between isomers

isomerase

phosphorylate glucose into glu-6-P or fructose into F-6-P

hexokinase

phosphorylate fructose into F-6-P; specific to liver

fructokinase

cleave F-1,6-bP into DHAP and GAP

aldolase

phosphorylate ADP into ATP; dephosphorylate PEP into pyruvate

pyruvate kinase (PK)

convert gal-1-P into glu-1-P

gal-1-P uridyltransferase





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