Braineos2

atomic number

*On the periodic table, what tells you the number of protons?

deoxyribose

The 5 carbon sugar in DNA that’s used in the nucleotide

fatty acid

At the end of a long chain with a carboxylic group at one end

ideal gas law

Moles of gas related to pressure, volume, and temperature

polar molecule

A molecule with polar bonds that form a dipole moment

solute

In a solution, the substance that is dissolved

kelvin

Absolute temperature scale with NO negative numbers

molarity

The concentration of a solution measured in moles per liter

64

There are 20 amino acids but only ___ possible codons

periods

horizontal rows

limiting reactant

The reactant that is fully consumed

liter

Basic unit of volume

Ionization Energy

The amount of energy needed to remove an electron from a gaseous atom in its grounded state

eletronnegativity

The measure of the tendency of an atom in a covalent bond to attract shared electrons to itself

enthalphy

Heat change of a reaction at constant pressure

glycosidic linkages

A disaccharide is composed of 2 monosaccharide’s that are joined by these

spin

The quantum number that tells you which way an electron is rotating

mass

Measure of quantity of matter

law of definite proportions

he compound is always composed of elements in a certain definite proportion

oxidiation

Loss of electrons

exothermic

Chemical reaction with a negative delta H

alkene

Hydrocarbon with a double bond

isotopes

Two atoms with the same number of protons but with different numbers of neutrons

sig figs

Non place holding numbers in a recorded measurement

exponent

In scientific notation, this tells us how many spaces the decimal has moved

linear

A molecular structure where there is 180 degrees between each atom

reduction

Gain of elections

Groups 3B-8B

*what group fills the D electron subshell

oxidizing agent

In a reaction, it is the compound being reduced

ground state

Electrons lowest energy level

atoms

The smallest individual particles that retain the properties of the element

surface tension

The force of attraction that causes the surface of a liquid to contract and form a bead

covalent

Shared pair of electrons in a molecule

N+L Rule

Electron energy is the sum of principles (N) of angular momentum (L) and octet quantum numbers

Change of Volume

what is NOT an indicator of a chemical reaction

amine

A functional group that is derived from ammonia with the central nitrogen atom

Heisenberg Uncertainty Rule/Law:

It is impossible to know the electrons direction and speed

solution

Homogeneous mixture of a solvent and a solute

pH

Negative log of the hydrogen ion concentration

nonmetals

On the right side of the stair step on the periodic table

molecular formula

Formula that gives the number of atoms of each element present in a molecule

collagative

Properties of the solution dependent on the ability for it to dissolve in the solution

hydrogen bonds

Strongest molecular force

product

Substance present at the end of the reaction

gene

A____ is a sequence of codons within a DNA molecule that codes for a single protein

amino acid

Primary protein structure

hunds rule

Electrons remain unpaired as possible

neutron

Subatomic particle with no charge

isomers

not a functional group

octet rule

The tendency of atoms to be stable with 8 electrons in their valence shell

activity

Control single replacement reactions

stoicheometry

Calculation of quantities involved in chemical reactions.

scientific law

Generalized statement of observations that generalize specific facts about nature

solid

Definite shape and definite volume

isomers

Two organic compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formulas

decrease, increase

On the periodic table, electronegativity____ as you go down the chart and ____ as you go left to right

transcription

The synthesis of mRNA and DNA strand

intermollecular forces

Attractive forces between molecules that are NOT bonds

periodic law

Physical and chemical properties that vary periodically with increasing atomic mass.

aldose

A carbohydrate with a carbonyl group on the first carbon





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