Braineos2

PLP coenzyme for transaminase and glycogen phosphorylase

pyridoxine (B6)

B C

water-soluble

modification to blood-clotting proteins

phylloquinone (K)

NAD and NADP electron carriers

niacin (B3)

A D E K

fat-soluble

absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate in small intestine

calciferol (D)

function uncertain; probable antioxidant

tocopherol (E)

FAD electron carrier and FMN cofactor of electron transport chain proteins

riboflavin (B2)

cofactor of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex

thiamine (B1)

cofactor for DNA synthesis and amino acid metabolism

cobalamin (B12)

cofactor of carboxylase enzymes; activate CO2

biotin (B7)

chromophore in vision cells of retina

retinol (A)

Coenzyme A

pantothenic acid (B5)

cofactor for amino acid and nucleic acid synthesis

folic acid (B9)

tissue repair; production of neurotransmitters; antioxidant

ascorbic acid (C)




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